Research - Jean Monnet Chair in European Health, Environmental and Food Safety Law (HEALTHY)

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Research project: "New frontiers in environmental health"
The environment is a major determinant of health. According to the WHO, 23% of all global deaths and 26% of deaths among children under the age of 5 – an estimated 12.6 million every year – are due to preventable environmental risks (Preventing Disease through Healthy Environments: A Global Assessment of the Burden of Disease from Environmental Risks, 2016). Maintaining a healthy environment is thus central to increasing quality of life and years of healthy life. The concept of “environmental health” addresses all the physical, chemical, and biological factors external to a person, and all the related factors impacting behaviours. It encompasses the assessment and control of those environmental factors that can potentially affect health and it is targeted towards preventing disease and creating health-supportive environments. As such, environmental health is a dynamic and evolving field. While not all complex environmental issues can be grasped with full detail, especially emerging threats posed by climate change, electromagnetic fields and antimicrobial resistance, others have already been identified – such as air, water, and soil pollution, chemical exposure, and ultraviolet radiation – and there is strong scientific evidence of their negative impact on the global burden of disease. In consideration of such complexities, and consistent with the “One Health approach”, the project's aim has been to offer a broad and systematic overview of the interactions between public health and environmental protection and the legal responses provided by international and EU law to prevent the health hazards associated with massive pollution, degradation of ecosystems and climate change.
The project has been carried out throughout the three years of activity of the Chair, involving 30 scholars from Europe, the USA and Canada, as well as officials and consultants from international organisations, mainly the WHO and the EU.
The results of this project have been published in the volume edited by prof. Stefania Negri, "Environmental health in international and EU law: current challenges and legal responses", which collects 23 expert essays on topical legal aspects of environmental health in European and international law. The book is published by two outstanding international academic publishers, Giappichelli and Routledge, in their joint collection "Giappichelli-Routledge Studies in Law".

Foreword, Maria Neira, Director of Department of Public Health and Environment at the World Health Organization
Introduction, Stefania Negri, Jean Monnet Chair in European Health, Environmental and Food Safety Law (University of Salerno)
Part I. Environmental Health at the Intersection of Ethical, Human and Economic Values
Chapter 1 - [Human] Values and Ethics in Environmental Health Discourse and Decision-Making: The Complex Reality of Philosophical Controversy and Conflict and the Continued Lack of ‘Win-Win’ Outcomes for Affected Stakeholders, Anja Matwikjiw (Indiana University Northwest) and Bronijk Matwijkiw (Southeast Missouri State University)
Chapter 2 - A Human Rights Approach to Environmental Health, Stefania Negri (University of Salerno)
Chapter 3 - The Environmental Health Spillovers of Foreign Direct Investment in International Investment Arbitration, Valendina Vadi (University of Lancaster)

Case study
Chapter 4 - The Dispute on Brazilian Measures Affecting Imports of Retreaded Tyres at the WTO: An Exemplary Intersection of Trade, Health and Environment, Xavier Fernández-Pons (University of Barcelona)
Part II. Environmental Health at the Intersection of Energy, Climate Change, and Atmospheric Pollution
Chapter 5 - Green Energy and the Protection of Human Health. Regulatory Scenarios between International Law and EU Law, Francesco Buonomenna (University of Salerno)
Chapter 6 - Geoengineering. Between the Potential to Reduce the Risks of Global Warming and to Cause Irreversible Damage to Human Health and the Environment: The Role of Public International Law, Mar Campins Eritja (University of Barcelona)
Chapter 7 - The Revised EU Air Quality Policy and Public Health, Samvel Varvastian (University of Cardiff)
Chapter 8 - Intergenerational Equity in Times of Climate Change Legal Action. Moving towards a Greater Protection of Human Health?, Angeliki Papantoniou (Queen Mary University of London)
Case studies
Chapter 9 - Damages from Electromagnetic Fields between the Right to Health and Environmental Protection. Reflections on the Italian Experience, Vitulia Ivone (University of Salerno)
Chapter 10 - The ILVA Case: A History of Shared Responsibility for the Protection of the Environment and Public Health, Grazia Scocca (University of Salerno)
Part III. Environmental Health at the Intersection of Pollution of Water and Soil and Food Safety
Chapter 11 - Environmental Health and Pollution from Waste and Chemicals in International and EU Law, Teresa Russo (University of Salerno)
Chapter 12 - Water Quality, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention in International and EU Law, Anna Oriolo (University of Salerno)
Chapter 13 - From Sea to Plate: Pollution of the Marine Environment and Food Safety in International and EU Law, Gabriela A. Oanta (University of A Coruña)
Chapter 14 - Health Protection, Food Security and Safety through International Actions for the Safeguard of the Environment, Pia Acconci (University of Teramo)
Chapter 15 - Environmental Impact Assessment: Environmental Health and Food Safety, M. Asunción Torres López (University of Granada)
Case studies
Chapter 16 - Mercury Pollution and Its Impact on Human Health: The Minamata Case, Felicia Velardo (University of Salerno)
Chapter 17 - Environmental and Health Impact of Glyphosate, Daniela Corona (LUISS Guido Carli University of Rome)
Part IV. New Challenges in Environmental Health: Pathogen Sharing, Biodiversity and Antimicrobial Resistance
Chapter 18 - Biodiversity, Pathogen Sharing and International Law, Stephanie Switzer (University of Strathclyde Glasgow), Elisa Morgera (University of Strathclyde Glasgow), Elsa Tsioumani (University of Strathclyde Glasgow) and Gian Luca Burci (Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva)
Chapter 19 - EU Biodiversity Law and its Health Impacts, Riccardo Pavoni (University of Siena) and Dario Piselli (Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies Geneva)

Case study
Chapter 20 - Regulating Antimicrobials in Livestock Animals: Experiences from Ten Countries, Steven J. Hoffman (York University of Toronto), Marie Danik (University of Ottawa), Prativa Baral (York University of Toronto)
Part V. Environmental Health in case of Disasters and Conflicts

Chapter 21 - Natural Disasters, Environment and Health: The Role Played by International Law and European Union Law in this Field, Maria Isabel Torres Cazorla (University of Malaga)

Case studies
Chapter 22 - The Environmental and Health Impacts of Chemical Weapons: Can Law Protect Victims? The Case of Agent Orange, Anne Nguyen (Université libre de Bruxelles) and Amandine Orsini (Université Saint-Louis Bruxelles)
Chapter 23 - Chronicle of a Death Foretold: The Long-Term Health Impacts on the Victims of Widespread Lead Poisoning at UN-Run Camps in Kosovo, Agostina Latino (University of Camerino)
environment health & safety
water drops
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