Research project: "New frontiers in environmental health"
The environment is a major determinant of health. According to the WHO, 23% of all global deaths and 26% of deaths among children under the age of 5 – an estimated 12.6 million every year – are due to preventable environmental risks. Maintaining a healthy environment is thus central to increasing quality of life and years of healthy life. The concept of “environmental health” addresses all the physical, chemical, and biological factors external to a person, and all the related factors impacting behaviours. It encompasses the assessment and control of those environmental factors that can potentially affect health and it is targeted towards preventing disease and creating health-supportive environments. As such, environmental health is a dynamic and evolving field. While not all complex environmental issues can be grasped with full detail, especially emerging threats posed by climate change, electromagnetic fields and antimicrobial resistance, others have already been identified – such as air, water, and soil pollution, chemical exposure, and ultraviolet radiation – and there is strong scientific evidence of their negative impact on the global burden of disease.
The aim of this project
This project has been carried out throughout the three years of activity of the Chair, involving 30 scholars from Europe, the USA and Canada, as well as officials and consultants from international organisations, mainly the WHO and the EU.
The results of this project will be published in an edited volume titled "Environmental health in international and EU law: current challenges and legal responses", collecting expert essays on topical legal aspects of environmental health in European and international law. The book will be published by two outstanding international academic publishers (Giappichelli and Routledge) and will be distributed through their international channels. Expected publication date: July 2019.
Table of Contents
Part I. Environmental Health at the Intersection of Ethical, Human and Economic Values. 1.Human Values and Ethics in Environmental Health Discourse and Decision-Making: The Complex Stakeholder Controversy and the Possibility of ‘Win-Win’ Outcomes, Anja Matwikjiw and Bronijk Matwijkiw. 2. Environmental Health and Intergenerational Equity, Angeliki Papantoniou. 3. A Human Rights Approach to Environmental Health, Stefania Negri. 4. The Environmental Health Spillovers of Foreign Direct Investment in International Investment Arbitration, Valendina Vadi.
Part II. Environmental Health at the Intersection of Energy, Climate Change, and Atmospheric Pollution. 5. Green Energy and the Protection of Human Health. Regulatory Scenarios between International Law and EU Law, Francesco Buonomenna. 6. Geoengineering. Between the Potential to Reduce the Risks of Global Warming and to Cause Irreversible Damage to Human Health and the Environment: The Role of Public International Law, Mar Campins Eritja. 7. The European Regulatory Framework on Air Quality and the Protection of Public Health,Samvel Varvastian.
Part III. Environmental Health at the Intersection of Water and Soil Pollution and Food Safety. 8. Environmental Health and Pollution from Waste and Chemicals in International and EU Law, Teresa Russo. 9. Water Quality, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention in International and EU Law, Anna Oriolo. 10. Health Protection, Food Security and Safety through International Actions for the Safeguard of the Environment, Pia Acconci. 11. From Oceans to Plate: Marine Environmental Pollution and Food Safety in International and European Law, Gabriela A. Oanta. 12. Environmental Impact Assessment: Environmental Health and Food Safety, M. Asunción Torres López.
Part IV. Environmental Health and Biodiversity. 13. Biodiversity, Pathogen Sharing and International Law, Gian Luca Burci, Elisa Morgera and Stephanie Switzer. 14. European Union Biodiversity Law and its Health Impacts, Riccardo Pavoni, Dario Piselli.
Part V. Environmental Health and Antimicrobial Resistance. 15. Antimicrobial Resistance: Emerging Governance and Regulatory Challenges from a ‘One Health’ Perspective, Obijiofor Aginam. 16. Learning How to Regulate Antimicrobials in Livestock Animals from the Experiences of Ten Countries, Steven J. Hoffman, Marie Danik, Prativa Baral.
Part VI. Environmental Health in Times Disasters and Conflict. 17. Natural Disasters, Environment and Health: The Role Played by International Law and European Union Law in this Field, Maria Isabel Torres Cazorla. 18. The Environmental and Health Impacts of Chemical Weapons: Can Law Protect Victims? The Case of Agent Orange,Amandine OrsiniandAnne Nguyen. 19. Chronicle of a Death Foretold: the Long-term Health Impacts on the Victims of Widespread Lead Poisoning at UN-run Camps in Kosovo, Agostina Latino
Part VII. Case studies. 20. Damages from Electromagnetic Fields between the Right to Health and Environmental Protection: the Italian Case,Vitulia Ivone. 21. Case study: Brazil – Measures Affecting Imports of Retreaded Tyres, Xavier Fernández-Pons. 22. The ILVA Case: A History of Shared Responsibility for the Protection of the Environment and Public Health, Grazia Scocca. 23. Environmental Pollution from Mercury and Its Effects on Human Health, Felicia Velardo. 24. Environmental and Health Impact of Glyphosate, Daniela Corona